MONROE BEFORE MADISON EXCEPT AFTER JEFFERSON
When the Constitutional Convention sent the proposed U.S. Constitution to the states for ratification, Anti-Federalists criticized the power it gave the national government and its lack of explicit protections for individual rights. Several states ratified the Constitution only given the promise that it would be immediately amended.
James Madison from Virginia proposed 19 amendments to answer the states’ objections. The Senate then whittled these down to 12, which were approved by Congress on September 25, 1789,and sent on to the states by President Washington.
The states ratified the last 10 of the 12 amendments, and they became the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, now referred to as the Bill of Rights.
The first of the two rejected amendments would have established how members of the House of Representatives would be apportioned to the states. Although it was rejected, it is covered elsewhere in the Constitution. The second forbade Congress from raising its own pay; Congress could vote for a raise but it would only apply to the next Congress. Nearly two hundred years later, a clever university student realized that the amendment remained “alive” because it had no deadline for state ratifications. He organized a successful campaign seeking ratification of the amendment, and it became the 27th (and most recent) amendment to the Constitution.
Another important editing job:
Many of those members of the Constitutional Convention wanted Washington to become America’s own King George I. Although cooler heads prevailed, it’s interesting to think about the possibility. A list of our royalty might look something like this.
George I (George the Honest)
John II (John the Junior)
Andrew I (Andrew the Old Hickory)
William I (William the Tippecanoe)
John III (John the Tyler Too)
Abraham I (Abraham the Emancipator)
Grover I Part II
Theodore I (Theodore the Big Stick)
William II (William the Fat)
Dwight I (Dwight the Ike)
Richard I (Richard the Not a Crook) Abdicated the throne
George III (George the W)
Barak I (Barack the Kenyan)
A mental block prevents the final entry.