Those who predict the imminent end of the world display a certain amount of chutzpah if not foolhardiness (such as Micheal Stifel, October 19). It probably takes even more of those qualities to identify the exact date of the beginning ofcreation the world, but didn’t James Ussher (1581-1656) do just that.

As Archbishop of Armagh, Primate of All Ireland, and Vice-Chancellor of Trinity College in Dublin, Ussher was rather highly regarded in his day as both churchman and scholar. He was not your average man on the street (“Tell me sir, when did the world begin?”) making bold proclamations. And evidently he didn’t just pull important dates out of a hat. His declarations were based on an intricate correlation of Middle Eastern and Mediterranean histories and Holy writ, incorporated into an authorized 1701 version of the Bible, or so he explained. And they were accepted, regarded without question as if they were the Bible itself.

Through the aforementioned methods, Ussher established that the first day of creation was Sunday, October 23, 4004 BC. He didn’t give a time. On a roll, Ussher calculated the dates of other biblical events, concluding, for example, that Adam and Eve were driven from Paradise on Monday, November 10 of that same year BC (it took them less than three weeks to get in trouble with God). And Noah docked his ark on Mt Ararat on May 5, 2348 BC. That was a Wednesday if you were wondering.

Late-breaking news: Dr. John Lightfoot, of Cambridge, an Ussher contemporary, declared in a bold bid for oneupsmanship, that his most profound and exhaustive study of the Scriptures, showed that “heaven and earth, centre and circumference, were created all together, in the same instant, and clouds full of water,” and that “this work took place and man was created by the Trinity on October 23, 4004 B.C., at nine o’clock in the morning.”



7 thoughts on “October 23, 4004 BC: And on the 29th He Rested

  1. I am impressed. And he would have been using the Gregorian calendar, so no real corrections needed.

    You are a plethora of useful information.

    Now if you can talk to your buddy, Obama, I think he should create a few more national holidays to celebrate these important days. Imagine… “Start of Creation Day” and “Noah’s Ark Landing Day”. Being somewhat religious days, I am sure the Bible-toting Republicans will even support Obama on this one.

  2. I am delighted to be able to say with conviction, I have known a plethora. Thanks for the enlightening information. Useful at cocktail parties and in conversations with republicans.

  3. Wow! Well, happy anniversary to us all. I’m not so sure about the three-week thing, though. I mean there was a week of creation before Adam even came along, then there was all the naming the plants and animals business, then he wandered around complaining about being lonely for a while before God made Eve out of Adam’s rib. You figure it must have taken some time for Adam to recover from having his rib removed and all. Then the wandering naked in the evening. All that in three weeks? I think not. My guess is the world was created around say, Labor Day 4004 B.C. and all the rest unfolded after that.
    Also please note that the next Republican presidential debate is on Nov 10, so I’m sure that means something.

    1. Of course it means something. God is sure to throw one or more of them out of the garden — after they wander around naked in a desperate attempt to be noticed. (And they all come from the same rib.)

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